Miedzyrzecz lake at dusk

Polish Language Version

Miedzyrzecz

Everything you might want to know about Keszyca Lesna in Poland

 

Nazi Ostwall Fortifications

Around the town of Miedzyrzecz (formerly known as Meseritz) in Lubuskie are the remains of an extensive system of bunkers, tunnels and fortifications comparable to the better known Maginot Line. These fortifications were built on Adolf Hitler's orders between 1933 and 1938 and extended and improved in 1944 as an eastern wall protecting Germany from invasion. Hitler himself visited the fortifications in 1935.

The Ostwall fortifications consist of a triple line of fortiications and about 100 fortification units connected by underground tunnels 15 to 40 m deep. These tunnels are so big that double track railway system was able to operate underground. The defences themselves consisted of reinforced concrete bunkers (panzerwerks), several floors high, topped by armoured domes equiped with cannons and machine guns. The whole system was serviced by electricity, water, sewage system, and ventilation. Headquarters were established in a newly created settlement at Keszyca Lesna.

The defences although built at great cost to an impressive standard proved of little use in 1945 as the Russian advance was at such a pace that the Germans were unable to fully man the bunkers in time and were quickly overun by the Red Army. After the war part of the fortification system was blown up by the Russian army who took over the old German army headquarters and barracks in Keszyna Lesna. 

Visitors can now see some of the underground system for themselves by taking a guided tour from the Kalawa visitor centre or by following the plentiful above ground remains. More than 30,000 bats of twelve different species now make their home in the tunnels, and part of the underground system has been designated as the Nietoperek nature reserve.

Miedzyrzecz MRU

Accommodation in Międzyrzecz

 

Photographs and Information about local Villages and Towns

Bledzew
Bobowicko
Brojce
Bukowiec
Chelmsko
Chlastawa
Chociszewo
Chycina
Dabrówka Wlkp
Glisno
Gorunsko
Gorzyca
Goscikowo
Grochowo
Jordanowo
Kalsko
Kalawa
Keszyca
Keszyca Lesna
Kosieczyn
Krecko
Kuligowo
Kursko
Lagow
Lagowiec
Lubniewice
Nietoperek
Nowa Wies
Osiecko
Pieski
Policko
Popowo

Przytoczna
Pszczew
Rogoziniec
Rokitno
Sieniawa
Skwierzyna
Sokola Dabrowa
Stary Dworek
Stary Dwor
Święty Wojciech
Szumiaca
Templewo
Trzciel
Trzemeszno

Wiejce
Wielowies
Wysoka
Wyszanowo
Zarzyn
Zemsko
Zolwin
 

 

 

ostwall 1945

apartment block in Keszyca Lesna - formerly part of the German army barracks

Russian monument in Keszyca

the church in Keszyca, Miedzyrzecz, Poland

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